Download Knowledge of Reflexives in a Second Language by Margaret Thomas PDF

By Margaret Thomas

This examine addresses the talk approximately no matter if grownup language beginners have entry to the rules and parameters of common grammar in developing the grammar of a moment language. the knowledge are according to comparable experiments. the 1st examines the translation of English reflexive pronouns via local audio system of jap and of Spanish. the second one scan examines the translation of the japanese reflexive zibun through local audio system of English and of chinese language. 3 hypotheses are evaluated: (a) that UG is unavailable, and that processing techniques or different non-linguistic ideas consultant moment language acquisition; (b) that UG is on the market merely within the shape within which it's instantiated within the learner's local language; (c) that UG is absolutely to be had, together with the facility to re-set parameters to UG-sanctioned values no longer instantiated within the learner's local language. the consequences exhibit that newbies detect constraints outlined through Manzini and Wexler's parameterized model of precept A of the binding idea and aid the thought that grownup newcomers have entry to common grammar. a last bankruptcy experiences the experimental info within the mild of modern bills of cross-linguistic edition within the grammar of anaphors which reject parameterization of the binding rules in desire of a “movement to INFL” research.

Show description

Read or Download Knowledge of Reflexives in a Second Language PDF

Best language & grammar books

Derivations and Evaluations: Object Shift in the Germanic Languages

This research indicates that Scandinavian item shift and so-called A-scrambling within the continental Germanic languages are an identical, and goals at offering an account of the adaptation that we discover with admire to this phenomenon by way of combining definite elements of the Minimalist software and Optimality thought. extra in particular, it truly is claimed that representations created via a simplified model of the computational method of human language CHL are evaluated in an optimality theoretic style through taking recourse to a really small set of output constraints.

Spatial Semiotics and Spatial Mental Models

This e-book provides novel info from endangered languages and cultures which are ever so frequently nonetheless now not involved in. It combines varied disciplines to trap the intricacies of spatial orientation and navigation. additionally, the interaction among tradition via language and practices offers new insights within the significance of mixing cognitive semantics with cognitive anthropology.

Semi-Supervised Dependency Parsing

This publication provides a entire assessment of semi-supervised ways to dependency parsing. Having develop into more and more renowned lately, one of many major purposes for his or her good fortune is they could make use of enormous unlabeled info including really small categorised facts and feature proven their merits within the context of dependency parsing for lots of languages.

Theoretical Approaches to Linguistic Variation

The contributions of this booklet take care of the problem of language edition. all of them percentage the belief that in the language school the difference house is hierarchically restricted and that minimum adjustments within the set of estate values defining every one language supply upward thrust to varied outputs in the comparable method.

Extra info for Knowledge of Reflexives in a Second Language

Example text

Fat thinks that Mr. 5 Long-distance antecedent (matrix subject) Korean Japanese (b) Finer (1991: 360; 363)L1Korean, η = 30;L1Japanese, η = 20; picture identification task Tensed subordinate clause Mr. Fat thinks that Mr. Thin will paint himself Infinitival subordinate clause Mr. Fat asks Mr. 2. Finer and Broselow (1986) and Finer (1991) on the interpretation of anaphors in L2, in percent of coreference established between the reflexive and the indicated NP 46 KNOWLEDGE OF REFLEXIVES ACQUISITION OF CONSTRAINTS ON ANAPHORS 47 like (11) received long-distance interpretations identifying the reflexive with the higher clause subject, Mr.

In particular, what constitutes a "governing category" (and hence a "local domain") for anaphors is subject to constrained cross-linguistic variation. Yang (1983) is an early attempt to catalogue differenc­ es among languages, and to link them to parameterization of Principles A and B. He accounts for a variety of referential properties exhibited by anaphors and pronouns in 19 languages, by introducing language-specific variation within the binding theory. For example, Yang claims that the i-within-i condition is not universal, but rather is controlled by a parameter such that this constraint applies to English but is absent in Russian and Norwegian.

Learners' interpretations of anaphors offer a good microcosm in which to test UG-based accounts of L2 acquisition, for several reasons. First, the properties of anaphoric elements have been scrutinized by genera­ tive linguistics for three decades, resulting in a rich body of observations about their nature. 2 Second, linguists frequently cite the behavior of reflexives as representative of innate, UG-governed knowledge of language. 3 CONSTRAINTS ON THE INTERPRETATION OF ANAPHORS 21 Third, certain properties are imposed on anaphors in all languages, but specific details of these constraints differ from language to language.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.31 of 5 – based on 46 votes