Download Altered Egos How the Brain Creates the Self by Todd E. Feinberg PDF

By Todd E. Feinberg

It can be the private secret of philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience: how does the mind unite to create the self, the subjective "I"? In Altered Egos, Dr. Todd Feinberg offers a brand new conception of the self, in line with his first-hand adventure as either a psychiatrist and neurologist.

Feinberg first introduces the reader to dozens of interesting circumstances of sufferers whose problems have ended in what he calls "altered egos": a transformation within the mind that transforms the bounds of the self. He describes sufferers that suffer from "alien hand syndrome" the place one hand may possibly assault the patient's personal throat, sufferers with frontal lobe harm who invent excellent tales approximately their lives, paralyzed sufferers who reject and disown one in all their limbs. Feinberg argues that the mind harm suffered by means of those humans has performed extra than just impair sure functions--it has fragmented their experience of self. After illustrating how those sufferers supply a window into the self and the brain, the writer offers a brand new version of the self that hyperlinks the workings of the mind with distinctive and private positive aspects of the brain, reminiscent of which means, function, and being. Drawing on his personal and different facts, Feinberg explains how the unified self, whereas no longer positioned in a single or one other mind quarter, arises out of the amazing complexity and variety of the brain's part elements.

Lucid, insightful, jam-packed with interesting case experiences and provocative new rules, Altered Egos can provide to alter the best way we take into consideration human recognition and the production and upkeep of human id.

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With the use of these agents, the movement of a specific ion across cell membranes can be regulated. For example, the inward movement of calcium into cells of the heart can be regulated with such drugs, and this is beneficial in certain types of cardiac arrhythmias (abnormalities in the electrical activity of the heart). The rate and direction of passage of a charged ion through a channel depends on two factors that may act synergistically. That is, both may Closed Channel +++++++ -60 mV Voltmeter _______ ion +++++++ -45 mV Voltmeter _______ Open Channel Figure 2-11.

Growth is increase in size. Increase in size of a cell or organ beyond normal is called hypertrophy. An increase in the size of a structure due to an increase in the number of cells is called hyperplasia. A decrease in size from normal is called atrophy. Failure of a tissue or organ to develop is called aplasia, while incomplete development or defective development of a tissue or organ is called hypoplasia. Reproduction of a cell or of an organism implies the ability to produce more cells or more organisms that are essentially the same as the original.

Diffusion occurs because all molecules and ions have kinetic energy. They collide with each other and bounce away, becoming so dispersed in the solvent that an equal concentration appears throughout. In solutions, diffusion proceeds from a region of greater concentration of particles to a region of lower concentration, so the net diffusion is said to occur down a concentration gradient. Only a few substances, such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, and alcohol, are membrane soluble, that is, capable of diffusing freely through the lipid bilayer of plasma membranes.

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