By Marvin Zelkowitz (Ed.)
This can be quantity seventy nine of Advances in pcs. This sequence, which started e-book in 1960, is the oldest always released anthology that chronicles the ever- altering info know-how box. In those volumes we put up from five to 7 chapters, thrice according to yr, that hide the most recent alterations to the layout, improvement, use and implications of computing device expertise on society this present day.
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Additional info for Advances in Computers, Vol. 79
One consequence of spectral libraries is that a model spectrum for each peptide needs to be stored in a database and that database needs to be readily accessible for use in HPC programs. This challenge becomes particularly significant when one considers that peptides that have posttranslational modifications have spectra that are different from the unmodified form of the peptide. As shown in Fig. 10, if complete spectral libraries were available as a result of either experimentation or computation, the database would be on the order of several exabytes.
R. SHAH ET AL. Workflow component A “Invoke A” Cache://ref1 Cache://ref1 “Invoke B” cache:/ref1 MIF component A “Write file” file://data1 Workflow component B MIF component B Cache://ref1 “Retrieve file” cache://ref1 File://data1 Cache FIG. 4. Efficient data set exchange between components in MeDICi workflow. protocol that is designed to minimize the data transfer overheads between elements of the workflow. This architecture is shown in Fig. 4. Optionally, MIF components can record metadata about the data (known as provenance) they receive/produce, and the processing carried out.
Multiple levels of complexity are introduced by increasing database size, searching for posttranslational modifications, and complexity of the biological sample under investigation. For example, research in microbial communities typically generates databases with millions of proteins  and poses challenging questions to researchers. A common approach to reducing database sizes is the use of a clustering technique based on either sequence composition or functional characteristics. Clustering of very large biological databases is an area of active research, and parallel-processing algorithms are becoming more common  because of the data-intensive nature of the problem.