By Stephen Y. Nakada, Margaret S. Pearle
Major nationwide and foreign urologists within the box of endourology describe regular and complicated endoscopic tactics for treating upper-tract pathology. The authors supply step by step directions for the most recent endoscopic systems, starting from top urinary tract calculi and strictures to urothelial melanoma. An accompanying DVD comprises movies that basically illustrate serious components of the recommendations and supply information and methods from the specialists. complicated Endourology: the entire scientific consultant deals practising urologists and urology citizens not just a complete, illustrated advisor to endourological techniques-particularly the extra complicated procedures-but additionally a realistic capability to extend the diversity and scope of the strategies they practice.
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Additional info for Advanced Bioimaging Technologies in Assessment of the Quality of Bone and Scaffold Materials Techniques and Applications
Ultrasound imaging in the form of tomography can provide visual depiction of bone structure as well as its structural properties for biomechanical analysis. Any one type, or a combination of several types, of the above-mentioned imaging techniques will be required to fulﬁl the bone structural and biomechanical analysis objectives. It is important to realize that bio-imaging only provides the basic data, and additional image processing and analysis procedures are required to generate the additional information on bone and soft tissue composition, material properties and musculoskeletal system models for the ﬁnal biomechanical investigations.
RSNA’: Jiang Y, Zhao JJ, Mangadu R, Medicherla S, Protter AA, Genant HK () Assessment of D cortical and trabecular bone microstructure and erosion on micro CT images of a murine model of arthritis. J Bone Miner Res :S Jiang Y, Zhao, P, Liao EY, Dai RU, Wu XP, Genant HK (a) Application of micro CT assessment of D bone microstructure in preclinical and clinical studies. J Bone Miner Metab (Suppl):– Jiang Y, Zhao J, Geusens P, Liao EY, Adriaensens P, Gelan J, Azria M, Boonen S, Caulin F, Lynch JA, Ouyang X, Genant HK (b) Femoral neck trabecular microstructure in ovariectomized ewes treated with calcitonin: MRI microscopic evaluation.
Newitt () has reported promising results on the application of micro-ﬁnite-element analyses based on hrMR images of the distal radius in vivo. Structure parameters determined in high-resolution MR images of the proximal femur specimen correlated signiﬁcantly with bone strength, with the highest correlations obtained combining DXA BMD and structure measures (Link et al. b). The resolution achievable in vivo by MRI is not suﬃcient to depict precisely individual trabeculae and, thus, does not permit the quantiﬁcation of the “true” trabecular bone morphology and topology.