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By D. M. Armstrong

This can be a learn, in volumes, of 1 of the longest-standing philosophical difficulties: the matter of universals. In quantity I David Armstrong surveys and criticizes the most techniques and options to the issues which were canvassed, rejecting some of the kinds of nominalism and 'Platonic' realism. In quantity II he develops a big concept of his personal, an goal idea of universals established no longer on linguistic conventions, yet at the real and capability findings of typical technology. He therefore reconciles a realism approximately features and relatives with an empiricist epistemology. the speculation permits, too, for a powerful rationalization of normal legislation as family members among those universals.

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About the Author

Shaun Gallagher is Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Sciences, and Senior Researcher on the Institute of Simulation and coaching, on the collage of primary Florida (USA); he has secondary study appointments on the collage of Hertfordshire and the collage of Copenhagen. He has been traveling Scientist on the Cognition and mind Sciences Unit, Cambridge, and traveling Professor on the collage of Copenhagen, the Centre de Recherche en Epistemelogie Appliquee (CREA), Paris, and the Ecole Normale Superiure, Lyon.

Extra resources for A Theory of Universals: Volume 2: Universals and Scientific Realism (v. 2)

Sample text

7 Acts 1 4 : 17. 40 LESSON ONE: M E T A P H Y S IC A L C H A R T NO. I. This chart, which is called the Universal Chart, shows the Universe as a Trinity o f Being. The upper section designates those attributes o f Spirit which are Self-Conscious. The middle section shows the subconscious aspect o f Law; and the lowest section shows the effect o f Spirit w ork­ ing through the medium o f Universal Mind. Read and carefully study the full explanation and meaning o f the words used in this chart. — pper S e c t io n The Intelligent Power back o f and through everything; the First Person o f The Trinity.

When we choose, we choose be­ tween different things; but when Spirit chooses, It simply announces that It is a certain thing.

God, as Law, means the way in which the Spirit works; and Law in this sense, would be the servant o f the Spirit. God, as Body, means the manifestation o f the Spirit. We might put it in another form and say, there is the Thing, the way that It works and the result o f Its work. Still another form would be to say, Cause, Medium and Effect. There is the seed, the creative medium of the soil and the plant. Turn it as we may, we are confronted with the necessity of a trinity o f being. There must always be the thing, what it does and the way that it operates.

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