By W. South Coblin
The center of the paintings is a systematically prepared directory of 2,558 sound glosses and 345 Buddhist transcriptions. chinese language characters in each one access are provided with center chinese language and jap Han reconstructed varieties.
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Extra info for A Handbook of Eastern Han Sound Glosses
4 In Part II below it will be convenient to differentiate BTD from those dialects reconstructed primarily on the basis of sound glosses. 12 Summary The relative periodization of the eleven sources discussed in this chapter is diagrammed in the appended table. Points of origin for the various sources are located geographically in Map 5, in which the boundaries of the major EH dialect areas are also outlined. 'Q-. / C^^ j£-~* r*J \ I j 11 \ (I I/ /'Beihai* \f Yingyang / \ \ / ftLuoyang _1_^X, , \ J_/_l_^- B ^«Kaifeng \ ~^~~\____^S*^' 7^ /^-^ »Goushi Chang-an/_—————- i~Zhaofing T I ^ Gaomi • r*£ ^^~v \ \ .
Dh- or -d- became spirants in the major underlying languages represented in the BTD data. 6. The Sanskrit diphthongs au and ai often became Pkt. o and e respectively (Pischel 1900:58-62, sections 60 and 61 ; Woolner 1928:26). : 54 fan 184 fftlffiHJg kaujiak kju kju dam 7wat diei Skt. kausika Skt. gautamapati We may guess that the development was to o as in the other Prakrits. Skt. : 40 183 M® WffiSi mjie bk xjwielaujian Skt. maitreya Skt. vairocana It had probably become e in the underlying language (s).
3 below. Several further potentially obscuring factors pointed out by Ziircher (p. 179) are: (1) possible distortions introduced into the pronunciation of Indie words by Central Asian missionaries, (2) imperfect perception of foreign sounds by the Chinese assistants who made the transliterations, (3) difficulties involved in segmenting foreign polysyllabic words in order to transcribe them with Chinese characters. These problems make it very difficult to arrive at exact values for the sounds of BTD.