By Rakesh Bajpai, Aleš Prokop, Mark Zappi
This publication stories efforts to provide chemical compounds and fuels from woodland and plant items, agricultural residues and extra. Algae can very likely catch solar power and atmospheric CO2; the booklet information wanted learn and legislative tasks.
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Additional info for Algal Biorefineries: Volume 1: Cultivation of Cells and Products
Mitig Adapt Strateg Glob Change 18:13–25 Brennan L, Owende P (2010) Biofuels from microalgae—a review of technologies for production, processing, and extractions of biofuels and co-products. Renew Sustainable Energy Rev 14:557–577 Chen P, Min M, Chen Y, Wang L, Chen Q, Wang C, Wan Y, Wang X, Cheng Y, Deng S, Hennessy K, Lin X, Liu Y, Wang Y, Martinez B, Ruan R (2009) Review of the biological and engineering aspects of algae to fuels approach. Int J Agric Biol Eng 2(4):1–30 Chen CY, Yeh KL, Aisyah R, Lee DJ, Chang JS (2011) Cultivation, photobioreactor design and harvesting of microalgae for biodiesel production: a critical review.
5, this observation still holds true. 26–27). 3. Algal Reactor Design Based on Comprehensive Modeling of Light and Mixing 43 Fig. 31 (in gDW E−1 h−1) as a function of time in h for algal cultures grown in sealed nutrient-replete medium with carbonate added. Cultures of environmental sample ( red), Monoraphidium sp. ( blue) and Dunaliella primolecta ( green) grown with 3 mM nitrate as described in Holland et al. (2011). 3 The Ragonese and Williams Model As shown above and as stated by Ragonese and Williams (1968), algal biomass production is proportional to the amount of light absorbed by the culture.
The concept of light as a continuously fed substrate brings about a different understanding of such lipid accumulation. 3). Upon determination of the culture autotrophic and nitrogen yields under nutrient-replete conditions, the nitrogen flux is lowered gradually until lipid production is achieved—at the cost of a lowered overall dry-weight productivity. This chapter details the methodology to achieve continuous autotrophic lipid production. 1 Biomass and Lipid Production Estimates Algal lipids have been widely promulgated as a precursor to renewable transportation biofuels.