Middle Ages

A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams

By Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams

An curiosity within the heart a long time frequently brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a notice or time period which isn't understood or in simple terms imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of actual support to normal readers and experts alike. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the criminal and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of way of life. Latin was once the language of the church, legislations and govt, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are usually present in sleek books of historical past of the interval; equally, the right that means of outdated English and center English phrases may possibly elude today's reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the starting place and evolution of a observe supplies a greater knowing. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this present day, one more reduction to clarifying which means.

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As part of the course in dictamen, the teacher would distribute specimen letters as guides to the writing of begging letters. – Cf. Mulierculae Ars scribendi artificialiter. Lit. ‘the art of writing artificially’. The Latin phrase used by printers for their new craft of printing books. Arthurian romance. Much medieval literature centres on a British king, Arthur. Although mentioned in a 9c chronicle, Arthur’s role was perhaps founded in literature in the Historia Regum Britanniae (History of the Kings of Britain) by Geoffrey of Monmouth.

Bauderye [baudré]. The piece of cloth, predominantly brown in colour and usually well embroidered, hung over a saddle; often it would almost reach the ground. – Cf. Bard 2; Trappings Baulk. A ridge left after ploughing, used as a dividing mark between strips of land worked by different people. [< OE balc, balca = a bank, ridge] – Cf. Butt 2; Lynchet Bawdstrot. Combination of ‘bawd’ = lively, shameless, immoral + ‘trot’ = an old woman; abbr. as ‘bawd’ in common usage. Originally used of elderly women, the madams of the time, the term became gender-free and was applied to anyone who acted as a pimp and provided women.

OFr. artiller = arms] – Cf. Attillator Artist. In the 13c ‘artist’ (Latin records used artista) was applied to those who studied the *trivium: the liberal arts – grammar, *rhetoric, and logic – which were all language-based. The word was used of a knowledgeable person. [< L ars = skill, craft] – Cf. Quadrivium Arx. A small fortified position or small building. [< L arx = a stronghold or defensive position] Ascendant. Her. Describes flames or smoke rising upwards. Aseity. e. God) which depended upon no other cause than itself.

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